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Types of hate crime

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What is a personal characteristic?

If you think the motivating factor was because of a personal characteristic, then you have suffered Hate Crime.

Personal characteristics aren’t just about your race, faith, sexual orientation, age, disability or gender identity, although these are the areas that police forces are currently asked to monitor.

For example, personal characteristics could include people who identify themselves as ‘Emo’ or ‘Goth’.

Northumbria Police takes all reports of any Hate Crime seriously.

What is meant by personal characteristic?

What is meant by race, faith, sexual orientation, age, disability & gender identity?


This could mean you have a physical or hidden disability, a visual impairment or a learning disability.  You could also have a mental health condition. You may think that a physical, hidden or learning disability, or a mental health issue; whether permanent or not, has caused someone to target you. Please call us on 101 or report here online if you feel you have been a victim of disability hate crime.

Report a hate crime

You can report a hate crime to Northumbria Police by:


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You may feel you have been victimised because of your skin colour, racial group, ethnic background or national origin. This includes all countries, including the UK, and Gypsy and Traveller groups. Please call 101 or report here online if you think you have been a victim of a racial hate crime.


Anyone from a religious group or people with a religious or philosophical belief including those who have no faith or belief at all could feel targeted. If you think you have been targeted because of your religion you should call the police on 101 or report to us here online.

Sexual Orientation

Everyone has a sexual orientation. Sexual orientation is a combination of emotional, romantic, sexual or affectionate attraction to other people. In other words, it's about who you are attracted to. Someone may be attracted to a person of the same gender as themselves, a different gender, or to people across gender identities.  It is therefore seen as a spectrum and people should not feel they have to conform and can self identify as they wish.  Call us on 101 or report here online, if you feel you have been targeted or victimised because of your sexual orientation. This could be a hate crime.

Gender Identity

One's innermost concept of self as female, male, a blend of both or neither – how individuals perceive themselves and what they call themselves. One's gender identity can be the same or different from their sex assigned at birth.

Gender expression

External appearance of one's gender identity, and which may or may not conform to socially defined behaviors and characteristics typically associated with being either masculine or feminine.

Transgender or Trans*

An umbrella term for people whose gender identity and/or expression is different from social expectations based on the sex they were assigned at birth. Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation. Therefore, trans* people may identify as straight, gay, lesbian, bisexual, pansexual etc - across the spectrum of sexual orientation.

Gender identity is also seen as being on a spectrum.  We want people to be free to identify and express themselves however they wish.  Please contact us on 101 or report here online if you have been victimised as a result of you Gender Identity or expression. This could be a Hate Crime


Someone could feel victimised or targeted because of their age – across all age ranges. If you know someone who is being victimised or targeted you should call 101 or report here online. This could be a hate crime.